ROME (AP) — An Italian expert in Hebrew manuscripts said Wednesday he has discovered the oldest known complete Torah scroll, a sheepskin document dating from 1155-1225.

The find isn’t the oldest Torah text in the world: the Leningrad and the Aleppo bibles — both of them Hebrew codexes, or books — pre-date the Bologna scroll by more than 200 years.

It was right under his nose, in the University of Bologna library, where it had been mistakenly catalogued a century ago as dating from the 17th century.

But this is the oldest Torah scroll of the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses, according to Mauro Perani, a professor of Hebrew in the University of Bologna's cultural heritage department.

Such scrolls - this one is 40 yards long and 64 centimeters 25 inches high - are brought out in synagogues on the Sabbath and holidays, and portions are read aloud in public.

This is important because until the late twentieth century, most Christians adhered to Bibles based on “spin-offs” (to use a computer term) of the Septuagint.

Let me outline the genealogy from the Septuagint to today’s modern Bibles, along with the main points to impact Christian values, beliefs, and behaviour.

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Our Rabbi facilitates the Torah Study sessions as he and others explore the possibilities of the Torah teachings.

All Temple members as well as guests are invited to attend.

The text of the document – which has come to be called the Kairos Palestine Document (KPD) – calls on Christians throughout the world to target Israel with boycotts, divestments, and economic sanctions.[1] The document’s stated goal is to bring a word of truth about the Arab-Israeli conflict to the world, but a close reading of the text reveals many of the tropes Arab Christians often use to indict Israel.

The conflict is all Israel’s fault; the Palestinians are innocent. Palestinian violence is justified; Israeli self-defense is not.

Regarding the background of this translation: Known today as the Septuagint because of the seventy scholars who made the translation, this became the Holy Text or Scriptures used by Jesus, his Apostles, the Early Church, and some of the Early Church Fathers.