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There are indications that the Indus people probably used fertility symbols resembling a prototype of the present day Sivalingam in their religious rituals.

But we do not know whom they actually worshipped using the fertility symbols.

They are among the most important literature in the history of Indian philosophy, religions and culture and talk about metaphysics, ontology, teleology, axiology (ethics and aesthetics), soteriology and the philosophy of the self.

The Upanishads played an important role in the development of spiritual ideas in ancient India, and they marked a transition from Vedic ritualism to new ideas and institutions.

For the first time on the net, detailed information on all the Temples of India is made available with a search facility by the name of the Deity or State.

Devotional songs, Bhajans and aartis, Travel tips with Maps of each city, Travel routes and Travel assistance is also provided for the convenience of Pilgrims. Many prominent rulers of ancient India such as the Kushanas, the Guptas, the Barasivas, the Satavahanas and the Cholas were ardent worshippers of Siva. If you want to contribute articles on Saivism please contact us today.Staal states that the melodies likely existed before the verses in ancient India, and the words of the Rigveda verses were mapped into those pre-existing melodies, because some early words fit and flow, while later words do not quite fit the melody in the same verse.Two primary Upanishads of Hinduism are embedded inside the Samaveda – the Chandogya Upanishad and the Kena Upanishad.Max Muller as well as Paul Deussen translate the word Upanishad in these verses as "secret doctrine", The various philosophical theories in the early Upanishads have been attributed to famous sages such as Yajnavalkya, Uddalaka Aruni, Shvetaketu, Shandilya, Aitareya, Balaki, Pippalada, and Sanatkumara.